Chinese tea culture is broad and profound, and it has a long history. The origin of tea can date back to the ancient time. Tea culture entered it most prosperous period in Tang and Song dynasties, which had evolved a condition that the fashion of drinking tea had extended all over the county and tea had won the status as national beverage. There are hundreds of varieties of Chinese tea, while Chinese famous tea is the treasure among these. The following is a brief listing of the most widely known tea in China, which you can have a good knowledge of Chinese tea culture.
Longjing Tea (Dragon Well Tea), a kind of hand-picked and hand-processed green tea, which produced from the hills just west of Hangzhou, Zhejiang province and has been famous since the eighth century. It is known for its full, round flavor, unique nutty taste, pleasant jade-green color, and wonderful aroma. Longjing Tea is divided into seven grades: Superior, Special and then 1 down to 5. With hand fired in a large wok, it takes on a flat shiny appearance. Longjing Tea is often called the national drink of China and is frequently given to visiting heads of state.
Biluochun Tea, a kind of famous green tea, was originally grown in the Dongting Mountain of Tai Lake, Jiangsu Province, China and has widely known all over the world. Also known as Pi Luo Chun, which literally means "Green Snail Spring", it is renowned for its delicate appearance, fruity taste, floral aroma, showy white hairs and early cropping. Biluochun Tea is often shrouded in mist, thus the leaves are especially moist and tender.
Mao Feng Tea
Huangshan Mao Feng Tea, a kind of green tea produced in the Anhui Province of China. It is one of the most famous teas in China and was listed as the national "top ten famous tea" by the Chinese tea company in 1955. The tea is grown near Huangshan Mountain, which is home to many famous varieties of Green Tea. It is renowned for its small white hairs which cover the leaves and the shape of the processed leaves which resemble the peak of a mountain. It is very effective for health.
Yun Wu Tea
Yunwu tea is a kind of traditional famous green tea, produced from the peak of Mount Lu, Jiangxi Province, China. Indeed, Lu Shan Yun Wu is one of China's finest, and it was already an Imperial Tribute Tea since the Song Dynasty. It is renowned for its unique, gentle and lasting sweetness and it is said that drinking Lushan Yunwu tea prolongs life.
Lu'an Melon Seed Tea
Lu'an Melon Seed is a kind of famous green tea, produced from the Dabie Mountains of Liu'an County in Anhui Province, China. Its name is derived from the shape of the processed tea leaves, which are flat and oval and resemble a melon seed. It is renowned for its unique appearance, legendary past, excellent taste, and health benefits. The taste of the tea is very smooth and has a hint of sweetness to it.
Junshan Yinzhen Tea
Junshan Yinzhen is a kind of Yellow tea, produced from Dongting Lake in Junshan Island of the Hunan Province in China. It is one of the ten Chinese Famous Teas. The tea resembles the White tea Yinzhen known as Bai Hao Yinzhen in appearance. Junshan Yinzhen is said to be the favorite tea of Chairman Mao in China. People can eat it after drink tea, because the bud is very fresh.
Xinyang Maojian Tea
Xinyang Maojian is a kind of green tea, produced in Xinyang City, Henan Province. It is one of China's Ten Famous teas and also is a famous specialty in Henan Province. It has a deep dark green color and straight thin leaves and it is treasured for its refreshing taste and pleasant aroma. The best time to pick the finest and most tender Xinyang Maojian tea leaves is in the early spring.
Wuyi Rock Tea
Wuyi Rock Tea is a kind of Oolong tea and was regarded as the best category in Oolong tea, produced from Wuyi Mountain, in the north of Fujian Province, China. It is one of the top ten Chinese famous teas. It is well known for the unique "charm of rock", a rock aroma which makes you enjoy a rich and mellow taste along with an endless sweet aftertaste. The famous kind of Wuyi Rock tea is Dahongpao Tea.
Tieguanyin Tea, a premium variety of Chinese Oolong tea, originated from Anxi County in Fujian Province. The history of Tieguanyin Tea can date back to 19th century. It is characterized by light oxidation and heavy rolling, the tea's leaves are dark green and rolled into tight balls, and the tea has the aroma of orchids with no hint of grassiness and its flavor is long lasting.
Keemun Black Tea
Keemun Black Tea is a kind of Black tea with a winy and fruity taste, produced from Qimen County in Anhui Province, China. Keemun Black Tea is the only Black tea in the top ten Chinese famous tea. The bright amber infusion has an appetizing honeyed sweet aroma while the taste is wonderfully smooth and with a light hint of floral aftertaste. It was regarded as the most suitable tea for afternoon tea and night tea.